Tuesday, 23 August 2016

Deucalion

                                                                       In Greek mythology, Deucalion was described as the son of Prometheus and either Clymene, Hesione or Pronoia. Deucalion married Pyrrha, the daughter of Epimetheus and Pandora, the first mortal born .


Deucalion with his wife Pyrrha......

                                                               According to the Greek legend, Zeus decided to end the Bronze Age, because Lycaon, king of Arcadia, sacrificed a human baby on the altar of Zeus.
                                                   
                          In some versions, Zeus visited Arcadia while being transformed as a pheasant, in order to test king Lycaon . King Lycaon slaughtered a male child, and with the help of his sons mixed Zeus food with the sacrifices. Zeus in disgust killed Lycaon and his sons, but because of their impiety, Zeus decided to destroy the men of the Bronze Age.
                                      In other version, Lycaon killed his son Nyctimus and mixed his body parts in the food which he serve Zeus. Zeus in anger, unleashed a deluge, so that the rivers ran in torrents and the sea flooded the coastal plain, engulfed the foothills with spray, and washed everything clean.
The flood in the age of Deucalion (Bronze age)

                                                               Prometheus, father of Deucalion, had foreseen what was about to happen, so he warned his son to create an ark, in which he and his wife could find refuge. In the ark, Deucalion and Pyrrha survived the flood and were the only two people that survived. When the waters receded, the ark landed on Mount Parnassus, which was the only spot that was not destroyed by the waters.
                          Deucalion and Pyrrha had to repopulate the earth. So, Deucalion asked an oracle of the goddess Themis for advice, who told him to throw the bones of his mother behind his shoulder. Deucalion and Pyrrha believed that by "mother", the oracle meant Mother Gaea, and by "bones", it meant rocks. Deucalion and Pyrrha took some rocks and threw them behind their shoulder; as soon as the rocks touched the ground, they started changing shape and formed humans. The rocks Deucalion had thrown became men, while those thrown by Pyrrha became women.
Deucalion with his wife, Pyrrha.......

                                                           Deucalion and Pyrrha also had their own children; three sons, Hellen, Amphictyon, Orestheus; and three daughter, Protogeneia, Pandora II, and Thyia.

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